Fifth edition of the art+science programme of the Center for the Promotion of Science will take place from August 29 to September 14 in Trieste, Belgrade, and Linz, as well as at numerous virtual environments. The art+science lab presents to the audience the artworks of local artists and transdisciplinary project teams engaged in particular topics within the vast field of artificial intelligence. The main event of the programme, the exhibition Intelligence IO, will take place in the Cultural Center Magacin between September 114, with a diverse program activities. Together with partners in Trieste (EuroScience Open Forum − ESOF) and Linz (Festival Ars Electronica), art+science lab is trying to tackle, analyse and discuss a very unique moment of our existence. Our systems of belief are hacked by a clearly alternative way of thinking and better applied intelligence. That intelligence is binary, and it has only positive and negative solutions. By means of limitless artistic creativity, firm scientific foundation and advanced technologies embodied through AI systems, art+science lab is more of a sequence in time than a firm, compact event. Its content is therefore presented in numerous ways and − on the safe side − virtually. This, however, leads to an existential question − how to treat digital content which obtained its physical representation only for being re-transferred to a virtual realm? In a loop that may announce new modes of (co)existence, we shall consult the classic − (being) replicant or not? Exist or not? Intelligence IO The focal point of the exhibition belongs to the award-winning work of the national art+science AI Lab selection for 2020. Through the project Digital prayer, young artist Kristina Tica establishes a connection between the canonical structure of the Orthodox icon and the image artificially generated by means of a computer program. Based upon the database of about 4000 collected digital reproductions of orthodox icons, the software learns how to create a completely new image, with a final visual output which creates an AI icon of the 21st century. The scientific mentor of the project is Dr Miloš Milovanović, from the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. CPN has been continuously working on creating a sustainable network which would gather scientists and artists, encourage their collaboration, and support development of their joint projects. The a+s+cpn selection initiates and supports collaboration and the creation of new connections, moving beyond, or erasing, disciplinary boundaries. The Center provides resources, as well as, professional and logistic support during the evolution and development of projects. The transdisciplinary projects created in the year 2020 are Aerosonar and AI/VI. As has been the case in previous years, the Center exhibits the work of local artists, or artists of our origin, whose work has achieved significant success on a global scale. National+ selection brings this time works by Vladan Joler, Victoria Vesna and Filip Kostić. The art+science lab event is part of the Center’s programme activities within the European ARTificial Intelligence Lab − AI Lab project, financed through the EU Creative Europe programme. The realisation was supported by the Ministry of Culture and Information, Austrian Cultural Forum, The Museum of Contemporary Art, and Alma Quatro, in collaboration with the SASA Mathematical Institute, the Faculty of Media and Communication and the French Institute.
Winner of the national art+science AI Lab selection for 2020
Digital Prayer is an award−winning project of the art+science AI Lab national selection for 2020; it is realised in collaboration with the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, under the mentorship of Dr Miloš Milovanović. What is presented here is an art & science concept dealing with the application of one of computer vision methods aiming at generating an image, whose visual product resembles an Orthodox icon. Generating pixels through the use of machine learning techniques, a relation has been established between the canonical structure of the Orthodox icon and the image artificially created through a computer program. A computer program was created and a database of about 4000 digital reproductions of Orthodox icons was collected, based on which the computer learns to create a completely new image. Directing algorithmic processes to generate the language of the icon, two visual interfaces intersect — the virtual world of a digital image and the traditional handcrafted Orthodox icon. Our needs, answers to questions, moral codes, and impacts are today kept within a virtual more so than within a spiritual space. The image that we see is just a visualisation of the code and information data in the background, which leads us to the analogy proposed by Boris Groys: “The digital image is a visible copy of the invisible image file, of the invisible data. In this respect, the digital image is functioning as a Byzantine icon — as a visible copy of invisible God.”
Kristina Tica has a BA in painting from the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Arts, Bel- grade, and an MA in the area of digital arts from the Faculty of Media and Communications, Singidunum University, Belgrade. She participated at several study programmes in London, as part of the Central Saint Martin, UAL, and Slade School of Fine Art, UCL. She exhibited her work at numerous group exhibitions locally and abroad, and has so far realised one independent exhibiting project. She realizes her art projects in the domains of painting, video art, ambient installations, and generative new media art. She resides and works in Belgrade.
Scientific mentor: Dr Miloš Milovanović, Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Collaborators on the project
Software development: Miloš Trifunović
Audio installation: Marija Šumarac
AI mentor: Dr Uroš Krčadinac, Faculty of Media and Communication, Singidunum University
Technical support: Jacques Laroche, Faculty of Media and Communication, Singidunum University
Ana Todosijević, Marija Šumarac, Ana Anastasov
Aerosonar is a spatial audio installation which displays air pollution on a macro level in the micro environment of the exhibition space, at the same time emphasising a human impact on air pollution. The musical composition of the installation allows the air pollution to be experienced largely through the sense of hearing, which is otherwise not the case. Human impact on the installation itself and alternating spatial conditions result in changes in the musical composition, which make visitors aware of their impact. Musical composition is created through the sonification of downtown Belgrade air pollution data, having each selected air pollution parameter correspond to a sound. Visitors’ impact is recorded based on their behaviour in the space of the installation. Each impact is recorded by the movement sensors, and this impact is then translated into a function which modifies the original air pollution com- position. Visitors experience the installation space through a mutual relationship of the air pollution parameters, as well as through their personal relation to the same parameters.
Architect and researcher focusing on the mutual connection and relationship between architecture, living systems and technology. Ana is one of the founders of the Bio2Arch, an
association which gathers scientists, artists and everyone else who would like to explore
the intersection of art and science through the experimental method. Bio2Arch focuses on
the application of biological organisms in architecture and the discovery of conceptual
solutions to ecological problems, as well as the reconsideration of the relationship
between biological species and the environment.
Sound designer, composer, trombone player, and sound artist. She graduated with a BA
from the Faculty of Dramatic Arts, Department of Sound Recording and Design, where she
is currently doing her MA studies. She worked at the Electronic Studio at Radio Bel-
grade. She received the Neda Depolo Award, granted by Radio Belgrade’s second channel
for creative contribution to radio expression. She was one of Serbia’s representatives
at the Prague Quadriennal 2019. Her work includes live performance, radio, and film
compositions, audio dramas and installations. She is also a member of various orches-
tras and jazz bands.
Ana Anastasov Sound designer and composer. She graduated with a BA from the Faculty of Dramatic Arts, Department of Sound Recording and Design, where she is currently doing her MA studies. Ana is engaged as a demonstrator in the Radio Drama Directing course at the Faculty. She is also a member of the Youth Board of Kolarac where she participates in creation of science and art programs. At the end of last year, her composition Exolvuntur announced the “Piano Sky #2” compilation, published by the Pop Depression Records. ana-anastasov.com
Collaborators on the project
Software development: Aleksandar Kilibarda
Development of the scientific concept: Dr Bojan Kening
Dr Aleksandar Bulajić, Ana Popović, Isidora Pejović Blagojević, Dr Maja Maksimović, Sunčica Pasuljević Kandić
AI/VI is an interdisciplinary pilot project
dedicated to the development of artificial
intelligence and its roles in modern society.
It is created as a pervasive mobile game that
uncovers AI, and the accompanying problematics. The aim is to put players in the position where they would question human and algorithmic ways of making decisions and their future consequences: how do we understand artificial intelligence and relate to it; what direction do we want it to take; how do we transform and shape together ourselves in the process of its creation and consumption?
Mapped locations in Belgrade downtown represent particular topical stations which problematise dynamic relationships in the creator-AI-user system, their functions, limitations, symbolic and practical potentials. Players continually build their relationship with AI, determining themselves with their choices and the reality they go through. Through the game and with it, they can uncover their path. This uncovering continues during picnic discussions, designed as a place to exchange lived experiences. It’s a space to delve deeper into the touched on problematics, and have the public actively engage in further developing the game.
AI/VI is designed by a team of professional experts from various fields gathered around a shared question — how are humans and artificial intelligence being shaped and transformed through their mutual relationship, communication, and use?
Dr Aleksandar Bulajić is an Assistant Professor at the Andragogy Department, Faculty of Philosophy in Belgrade. Currently, his research focuses on the cognitive aspects of functional illiteracy and on other elements of visual perception significant to literacy. Further professional development, Aleksandar acquired at The Center for Cognitive Science, Technical University of Kaiserslautern. He is a member of the Andragogical Studies journal editorial board, and part of the team several (inter)national research projects.
Ana Popović is a theatre director, theatrologist and educator from Belgrade. She is a founder of the award-winning theatre organisation Threepenny (2015) as well as the Visual Anthropology Center (2018). She is the creator of the Young Theatre Experts (2016, 2019), a programme for the development of children and youth theatre audiences. Currently, she is a doctoral student of the transdisciplinary art and media studies at the Faculty of Media and Communication, Singidunum University.
Isidora Pejović Blagojević is a visual artist from Belgrade. She graduated with a BA at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts (Camera Operator), and an MA in New Media Studies at the Faculty of Fine Arts, where she is currently a doctoral student and Teaching Associate. In her artistic work, she engages in the relations between humans and society, humans and nature, as well as artist’s relations towards societal norms. She conducts her research through various digital media, with a special focus on video games and generative art.
Dr Maja Maksimović is an Assistant Professor at the Pedagogy and Andragogy Department, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade. Currently, her research encompasses intertwining of educational, activist and artistic engagement. She is a member of the European Society for Research of the Education of Adults board, and associate on projects within the International Society for Education through Art. She is one of the editors of the book Engaged Art Education.
Sunčica Pasuljević Kandić works at the Department of New Media Art, Academy of Arts in Novi Sad. In her work, she connects research, curatorial, pedagogical and artistic practices. In a nondisciplinary way, she explores questions of language, communication, collaboration, and identity in the context of our Anthropocene environment and algorithmic management. She organises and produces numerous local and international projects at the intersection of technology, science and art.
Collaborators on the project
Computer programming: Filip Žarković
Graphic design: Ivan Avdić
Dialogue dramaturgy: Miloš Petrik
Dr Vladan Joler and Dr Matteo Pasquinelli
The Nooscope Manifested: Artificial Intelligence as Instrument of Knowledge
Extractivism (2020, visual essay)
Nooscope is a cartography of the limits of artificial intelligence, intended as a provocation to both computer science and the humanities. Any map is a partial perspective, a way to provoke debate. Similarly, this map is a manifesto — of AI dissidents. Its main purpose is to challenge the mystifications of artificial intelligence. The purpose of the Nooscope map is to secularise AI from the ideological status of ‘intelligent machine’ to one of the knowledge instruments.
Rather than evoking legends of alien cognition, it is more reasonable to consider machine learning as an instrument of knowledge magnification that helps to perceive features, patterns and correlations through vast spaces of data beyond human reach. In the tradition of science, machine learning is just a Nooscope, an instrument to see and navigate the space of knowledge (from the Greek skopein ‘to examine, look’ and noos ‘knowledge’). This diagram manifesto is another way to say that AI, the king of computation (patriarchal fantasy of mechanised knowledge, ‘master algorithm’ and alpha machine) is naked.
Dr Vladan Joler is Professor at the Academy of Arts of the University of Novi Sad and founder of SHARE Foundation. He is leading SHARE Lab, a research and investigation lab that explores the technical and social aspects
of algorithmic transparency, digital labor exploitation, invisible infrastructures, and technological black boxes.
Dr Matteo Pasquinelli is Professor in
Media Philosophy at the Karlsruhe University of Arts and Design, where he is coordinating the research group on Artificial Intelligence and Media Philosophy KIM. For Verso Books he is preparing a monograph on the history of AI provisionally titled The Eye of the Master.
Running at Frame Rate
Running at Frame Rate is a software which foregrounds frame rate as its core mechanic. It asserts that ‘running at frame rate’ is an economic proposition. The artwork addresses the assumption in gaming and technology that ‘realism’ is the constant and exponential movement of hardware and software towards the photo-real representation of the physical world. In the work, the computer is the main character whose primary goal is to render efficiently while trying to push itself to extreme ends. The software continually remembers its performance and reacts to it − at times optimising itself by taking breaks, resetting, or trying to render better. It is an exercise in world-building through both the pragmatic assembling of the world on screen and the narrative that emerges from the computer’s reaction to the software. It is through this that the work questions the increasingly accurate photoreal representation of the world in games and simulation, without the simultaneous representation of the material realities of said world.
Filip Kostić is an artist and educator living in Los Angeles. His work examines the relationship between the self, the uploaded and continually updating digital-self, and the mechanisms of the apparatus which facilitate the upload. Filip is an assistant professor for the Interaction Design Department at ArtCenter College of Design. Kostić’s work has been shown at Projektwohnung Krudebude in Leipzig, NAVEL, Elevator Mondays, Tiger Strikes Asteroid and Roger’s Office in Los Angeles, at the Springbreak Art Show in New York and at the Wind Tunnel Gallery in Pasadena.
Bird Song Diamond
Bird Song Diamond: the acoustic mapping of bird song networks tech (in collaboration with Charles Taylor, bird sounds database courtesy of Jasne Jovićević, 2014-ongoing)
The goal of this project is to understand the language of birds − of course not ALL species of birds, but at least a few, starting with those that have languages that seem complex, and yet manageable. While this has long been a desire, up to now it has not been possible, but with modern advances in computing, in linguistic analysis, and a new-found appreciation of how sophisticated other creatures can be, the grammar (and perhaps meaning) of bird song seems attainable. Each installation is habitat specific and reflects its environment and ecology. For Belgrade, we’ll create an online meditation version, which will be a live networked performance exchanging local bird songs from Los Angeles and Bel- grade. Bird Song Diamond: LA > Belgrade is a reflection on the call and response communication networks during the time of the global pandemic. The artist is joined by composer and sound artist Jasna Jovićević in Serbia, Ivana Dama and Clinton von Arman from Los Angeles and John Brumley from San Francisco.
(in collaboration with Dr. Alfred Vendl and Martina Fröeschl, 2019-ongoing)
The ecological crisis is a human crisis. Oceans must not be considered as flat blue surfaces which serve as dropping holes where we can let vanish all our anthropogenic remains. There are vast amounts of organisms that live down there and some suffer pain from our waste and noise. Many are aware of mammals such as whales and dolphins but often ignored is the invisible and the inaudible environment to us that is deeply secluded. Also invisible is the growing volume of micro and nano-plastics that this planktons, at the bottom of the food chain, mistake for food. Therefore, in this installation, we have enlarged 3D scans and animations of plankton to be like whales. The sounds are gathered from various research into noise pollution and spatialized. This is a highly interdisciplinary artist led effort with biologists, chemists, nano-toxicologists and an animator all working together towards a common goal – to raise awareness of this invisible and inaudible realm.
Victoria Vesna, Ph.D, Artist and Professor, UCLA Department of Design | Media Arts, Director of the Art|Sci center at the School of the Arts and California Nanosystems Institute (CNSI). With her collaborative installations she investigates how communication technologies affect collective behavior and perceptions of identity shift in relation to scientific innovation. She has exhibited artwork in 20+ solo exhibitions, 70+ group shows, published in 20+ papers, and gave 100+ invited talks in the last decade.
10:30 CPN team
>>Виртуелна тура кроз изложбу Интелигенција IO<<
12:15 Nye Thompson
>>AI Lab Journey<<
16:00 Dobrivoje Lale Erić, Petar Laušević & Aerosonar team
Ars Electronica Zoom/Crowdcast
>>AI Lab уживо<<
17:00 Onassis Stegi Athens
>>Data Garden | Exhibition Tour & Talk<<
20:30 Tega Brain, Sam Lavigne and Hannah Jayanti
>>AIxEcology (AI Lab conference)<<
10:15 Ана Ридлер, Каролин Синдерс, & Ошин Мекиј
12:00 Kristina Tica
20:00 Панелисти: Тоње Хесен Шај, редитељка филма iHuman, Владан Јолер, SHARE LAB
Модератор: Петар Лаушевић, ЦПН
BELDOCS - Амфитеатар испред Музеја Југославије
Панел: Масовна употреба нових технологија и правци њеног развоја у креирању наше будућности
iHuman - Тоње Хесен Шај, НорвешкаДанска, 2019, 99'
20:30 Jake Elwes, Drew Hemment, Caroline
Sinders, Anna Ridler, Mahir Yavuz, Helene Steiner
>>The New Real: Experiential AI and the AI Lab<<
15:00 Cultural centre of Helsingor
>>SH4D0W: Immersive AI experience in the 4D box (Artist Talk)<<
16:00 slow immediate (art group)
>>AI Lab Journey<<
20:30 Adam Harvey & Nye Thompson
>>AIxHumanity (AI Lab conference)<<
17:00 AI/VI team & participants
Music pavilion at Kalemegdan
AI/VI picnic: open exchange about us and our AI systems
21:00 Victoria Vesna & associates
>>Медитација Дијаманта песме птица: ЛА > Београд<<
Dobrivoje Lale Erić
Are we progressing? Are we fulfilling idea(l)s of our ancestors who had dreamt about bright, rectangular cities run and led by fascinating machines? Did they ever consider matching first something on the opposite side of the scale — our invisible counterparts, tiniest of all creatures? So simple and logical that they can be seen as a founding element, as а clear common-sense led intelligence. The one without conscience and meaning, purely existence-driven.
Canon of complexity
Dr Miloš Milovanović
Kristina’s intent to demystify artificial intelligence brings us a step closer to the mysticism of the Orthodox icon. Applying a statistical method to numerous variegated rules which make her choose side, she asserts that Orthodox icon cannot be reduced to them by any means. In fact, they represent partic- ular iconography which calls for creative in- terpretation.
Dr Maja Ćirić
As an unprecedented collective experience, the 2020 pandemic has come to emphasise the importance of both creatively cognitive character, as well as, universal aspirations constituting a point of intersection between art and science. With respect to the theme of this exhibition, though already present, yet, by unforeseen circumstances, accelerated transfer of digital data, and enforced reliance on artificial intelligence, intensified the interdependent relationship of humans and state of the art machines.
Fifth edition of the art+science programme of the Center for the Promotion of Science will take place from August 29 to September 14 in Trieste, Belgrade, and Linz, as well as in virtual space The art+science lab presents to the audience the work of local artists and transdisciplinary project teams engaged in particular topics within the vast field of artificial intelligence. From September 1st to 14th, the main event of the programme, the Intelligence IO exhibition, will take place in the Cultural Center Magacin, with a diverse accompanying programme.
Since 2014, CPN has been continuously working on the formation of a sustainable network that brings together scientists and artists, encourages their cooperation and the development of joint projects. a+s+cpn selection is the result of constant reflection on collaboration models and forms of cooperation between professionals from all fields of science and art. Through this program, CPN encourages and supports collaboration, creating new connections, moving or erasing boundaries between disciplines.
Both Ways in Trieste
Five pairs of art curators and science communicators, from five countries in South-East Europe, reflect on how art and science contribute, in different ways, to the production of knowledge. The name Both Ways was designed to highlight a multicenter review of contemporary art & science scene which integrates only apparently distant ways of thinking and different methods. The projects will be connected in both a material and in an immaterial way in the Science in the City Festival.
Festival Ars Electronica in Linz
The central segment of the Belgrade Garden is the premiere of winning artwork of the national art+science AI Lab selection for 2020. Digital Prayer by Kristina Tica uses ML techniques for establishing a connection between the canonical structure of an Orthodox icon and the image artificially generated by a computer program.